Which Is Worse: Underpopulation Or Overpopulation?

This video was made in partnership with Gates Ventures. The human population of the world will soon peak – and then decrease – thanks to a combination of two quickly changing economic and educational trends.

To learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords:
– Overpopulation: a situation in which there are too many people for the amount of food, materials, and space available.
– Underpopulation: a situation in which there are too few people to realize the economic potential of an area or support its population’s standard of living.
– Exponential growth: a pattern of data that shows greater increases with passing time, creating the curve of an exponential function.
– Extreme poverty: an income below the international poverty line of ~$2/day
– Total fertility rate: the average number of children born to each woman over her lifetime.
– Population bomb: a theory that the human population would grow faster than available food supplies.

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David Goldenberg | Script Writer, Narrator and Director
Lizah van der Aart | Illustration, Video Editing and Animation
Nathaniel Schroeder | Music

MinuteEarth is produced by Neptune Studios LLC

Lizah van der Aart • Sarah Berman • Cameron Duke
Arcadi Garcia i Rius • David Goldenberg • Melissa Hayes
Alex Reich • Henry Reich • Peter Reich
Ever Salazar • Leonardo Souza • Kate Yoshida

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Cohen, J. (1995). Population Growth and Earth’s Human Carrying Capacity. Science. 269: 5222. (341-346).

Pradhan, E. (2015). Female Education and Childbearing: A Closer Look at the Data. World Bank.

State of the World Population 2022. Seeing the Unseen. The Case for Action in the Neglected Crisis of Unintended Pregnancy.

Smeeding, T. (2021) Adjusting to the fertility bust, Science, 346, 6206, (163-164).

Herrmann, M. (2022). The Global Population Will Soon Reach 8 Billion—Then What? UN Chronicle.

Our World In Data (2019). World Population Growth.

Rosling, H. (2018). Factfulness.

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