Where Does One Ocean End And Another Begin?

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Earth’s ocean water is continuous. How can we divide it into sections that are more useful?

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To learn more, start your googling with these keywords:
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
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We had fun playing with (and transitioning between) different map projections in this video, and we came across this great – and mesmerizing! – website:
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Credits (and Twitter handles):
Writer, Director, and Narrator: Kate Yoshida (@KateYoshida)
Video Illustrator: Arcadi Garcia Rius (@garirius)
With Contributions From: Henry Reich, Alex Reich, Ever Salazar, Peter Reich, David Goldenberg, Julián Gómez, Sarah Berman
Music by: Nathaniel Schroeder:


Antonello, A. (2018). The Southern Ocean. In Armitage D. (Ed.), Oceanic Histories (296-318). Cambridge University Press.

Candido, M. (2011). South Atlantic. In Burnard, T. (Ed.), Oxford Bibliographies Online: Atlantic History, Oxford University Press.

Caspers, H. (1965). Van Mieghem, J. and Van Oye, P (Eds), Biogeography and Ecology in Antarctica. The Hague: Dr. W. Junk Publishers.

Lewis, M.W. (1999). “Dividing the Ocean Sea.” Geographical Review 89 (2), 188-214.

International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), (1953): Limits of Oceans and Seas, International Hydrographic Organization., Bremerhaven.

International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), (2002): Limits of Oceans and Seas , International Hydrographic Organization (DRAFT), Monaco.

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